What Outdoor Gear Do You Need to Take Up Ben Nevis?

If you’re thinking about walking up Ben Nevis this could be the most important post that you will ever read!

At 1,344 m, Ben Nevis is the highest mountain in Scotland and the UK. As such it is a very popular mountain for people to climb. It is often attempted by inexperienced hikers who have no idea of the scale of the task or of the potential dangers involved. Many people attempt the summit of Ben Nevis without taking proper outdoor gear.

Ben Nevis Escape Route

If you are planning to walk up to the top of Ben Nevis the first thing you need to know is the escape route from the summit. Regardless of the weather in the valley or on the mountain tops when you start your hike, by the time you reach the summit the weather may have closed in, resulting in near zero visibility. This has happened to me.

There are two dangerous gullies which must be avoided. Falling down them is likely to result in fatal injuries. They are Gardyloo Gully and Five Finger Gully. To avoid these gullies, from the summit trig point follow a bearing of 233 degrees for 150 metres (roughly 100 double steps), and then a bearing of 284 degrees. These are magnetic bearings that should be followed directly from your compass alone.

The summit of Ben Nevis, Scotland, covered with snow.
Ben Nevis summit seen from Gardyloo Gully. Source Geograph. © Copyright Angus and licensed for reuse under the Creative Commons Licence.

What is the Best Route up Ben Nevis?

The route that most people take up Ben Nevis starts in the valley of Glen Nevis, near the campsite. The footpath is well maintained. It runs along the side of Meall an t-Stuidhe, up towards the Lochan. At 640 m there is a T-junction where you turn right and head south across Red Burn, before the path zig-zags up a boulder field on the side of Ben Nevis. The final approach to the summit is a more or less a straight run up a gently undulating plateau. The route back down is simply the reverse. This tourist route is known as the Pony Track or the Motorway, due to the number of walkers on it! As a rough guide it takes about 9 hours to walk up and back down the mountain.

The view of Glen Nevis and beyond, from halfway up Ben Nevis

The walk up the from Glen Nevis valley to Lochan Meall an t-Stuidhe is green and pleasant. Once you get further up and into the boulder field the terrain becomes mountainous and rugged. The lower gradient of the plateau is welcome after the rocky ascent, but there are several false summits which can be frustrating when you are exhausted! If you make it to the summit and are lucky enough to be under the cloud base, the views are stunning. You can see right across the Scottish Highlands: mountains from horizon to horizon. Spectacular!

There are also scrambling, mountaineering and climbing routes to the summit, such as Carn Mor Dearg Arete.

Ben Nevis Best Hiking Gear

It is shocking to see what some people wear on Ben Nevis. On the two occasions that I have hiked up to the summit there were lots of people wearing jeans, t-shirt and trainers. Whilst the valley was lovely and warm with late April sunshine, the summit was cold. There was a thick covering of snow over the top 200 m of the summit. The visibility from the summit was clear the first time that I there, but the second time it started to snow and there was a white out. Visibility was down to a couple metres. This experience demonstrates the importance of being prepared for all weather conditions when hiking up Ben Nevis, or indeed any other mountain, such as Scafell Pike in the Lake District.

Kit list for Ben Nevis

Essential Gear and Clothing:

  • Rucksack, 30 – 50 litres capacity should be sufficient for a day hike
  • Waterproof Jacket and Trousers
  • Fleece Jacket
  • Long Sleeved Mid-Weight Fleece Top
  • Wicking Base Layer
  • Waterproof Gloves
  • Warm, Waterproof Hat: a Lowe Alpine Mountain Cap of course!
  • Hiking Trousers, such as the Craghoppers Kiwi Trousers. Zip-offs are a good idea when it is warm in the valley, then you can put your legs on when it gets cold further up.
  • Two Pairs of Trekking Socks, one thin and one thick.
  • Stout Walking Boots
  • 2 litre Hydration System
  • Packed Lunch
  • Ordnance Survey Explorer Map 392: Ben Nevis & Fort William
  • Silva Compass

Emergency Survival Equipment:

  • Emergency Rations
  • Mobile Phone
  • First Aid Kit
  • Emergency Whistle
  • Survival Bag
  • Head Torch
  • Spare Laces for your Boots

Optional Kit:

  • Scarf – provides a lot of extra warmth for its weight
  • Spare fleece top
  • Gaiters
  • Walking Poles
  • GPS
  • Sun Glasses – the snow gets bright when its sunny
  • Sun Tan Cream / Sun Block
  • Anti-bacterial handwash
  • Flask
  • Bothy Bag
  • Victorinox Swiss Army Penknife
  • Cigarette Lighter
  • Camera

It is quite a list, but all this outdoor gear should ensure that you keep comfortable, warm, dry and blister free. Hopefully you will not need any of the survival kit, but its always best to take it.

Crampons and Ice Axe

Is it necessary to take crampons and an ice axe? In winter conditions, yes it is, and it is also necessary to know how to make a self arrest using an ice axe. The YouTube video below, from the Mountaineering Council of Scotland, shows various techniques and is well worth watching.

In late April / early May when I walked up the summit was covered in snow. Providing you keep well away from the edge, the plateau is relatively flat and walking in the snow is easy enough without crampons. There were a few places further down the path which were covered in icy snow patches, several metres in length. At the time I did not have crampons and they would have been useful for these short sections.

It is important to be aware of cornices, where the snow overhangs the edge of mountain cliffs. These can give way under your weight, leading you to fall to your death. As mentioned above, keep well away from the edge when there is snow!

Camping On Ben Nevis

The type of gear that you need to take for camping on Ben Nevis depends upon the time of year that you are going and how high up you intend to camp.

In winter conditions you will need a 4 season mountain tent capable of withstanding snowfall and high winds. A sleeping bag suitable for winter alpinism will be necessary since the temperature can get down to below -10°C.

Even during the summer the temperature can go below freezing and there can be high winds, especially at the summit. A 3 to 4 season tent should provide adequate protection and sleeping bag suitable for 3 summer aplinism will be warm enough.

About half way up, near Lochan Meall an t-Stuidhe, the ground is quite flat which makes it a good place to camp. The summit of Ben Nevis is also flat and suitable for camping.

Best Avoided

During the summer months, Scotland is famous for its midges. Fear not, there are plenty of ways to avoid getting midge bites.

And don’t forget to take with you a Model T Ford car, a bed, a wheel barrow, a piano and barrel of beer. All these items have been taken up the top of Ben Nevis for either publicity stunts or just for a laugh. What bizarre item(s) would you take up a mountain? Let us know, click on “comments” below!


16 thoughts on “What Outdoor Gear Do You Need to Take Up Ben Nevis?

  1. im going to take a fibromyalgia duck!! in support of fibromyalgia newcastle support group for people who suffer from this condition as it is an un-known condition


  2. I’m a pole dance instructor and completed the 3-peaks challenge at the beginning of the month. I took a 35kg pack up Ben Nevis, including a portable pole and pole danced at the top. Don’t believe me? Here’s my YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LVmBgSE663A

    Kat x


  3. Would you please ask people to take everything back down the mountain afterwards. The junk drove me mad this year!


    1. A very good point David! It reminded me of an article I read a while back on the John Muir Trust website. They have reported that:

      “Fifty-five per cent of the litter removed from Ben Nevis by volunteers during work parties organised by the John Muir Trust this year has been banana skin.”

      Whilst you would think that banana skins biodegrade quickly, because the temperature on the summit of Ben Nevis rarely exceeds 5°C, they actually take about 2 years to biodegrade. So we should even remember to take our banana skins back down the mountain!


  4. hi there,well last year i did Snowdon with…wait for it lol!,a large wheelbarrow in it containing an ironing board plus an iron!,a 56IB iron weight!,and a trumpet which i blew when i finally reached the top 4 and a half hours later!,all in all it was a great achievement for me as i have asthma and was approaching 50 years of age lol!, i might add i took the longest route up as well starting from Llanberis!,so yeah go for it but please do bring it all back down with you as i did!,”Happy hiking all!” 


    1. Hi Gaz,

      That sounds like an amazing achievement, well done!

      Do you have any pictures to share with your fellow readers? If so send them across to andy@cheaptents.com

      From what you say it sounds like you look back with a fond memory but felt the pain at the time. Also I fully agree no one should leave anything up a mountain, or far that matter anywhere in the countryside, we need to look after our beautiful land and creatures, so bring your rubbish back with you! 😉



  5. Thanks for the info! Next weekend I am taking up a fat suit (wearing it!) and descending afterwards. Raising awareness and money to help prevent cancer caused by obesity – the second most common preventable cause after smoking!


  6. iv got a question…………… is ben nevises peak snowy all the time iv been thinking about it for a while and need to buy equipment thnx.


    1. Hi Leon

      There can be a good coverage of snow on the summit of Ben Nevis starting from mid-autumn. During winter and spring there will definitely be snow, so you will need to be prepared for “winter conditions” during this part of the year.

      Even in summer there can be large patches of snow on Ben Nevis. If this is the case watch out for cornices and also be aware that if the snow is compact and icy it is possible to slip then slide along the snow patch and off a cliff edge.

      I hope you have a great hike up Ben Nevis!



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